The term surgery derives from the Greek, cheirourgia from χείρ, χειρός meaning hand and ἔργον meaning to work, the term therefore implying hand work.
Today, surgery is in fact a science that relates to the study of all pathologies requiring a “hand” intervention to be cured.
It is a science dealing with various aspects of diseases, such as etiology, diagnosis and therapy, and for this reason is referred to as General Surgery.
However this is not all: surgery also deals with pathologies that although initially starting off as medical in nature, gradually due to a variety of factors become surgical. The evolution of the discipline has led to Surgery being divided increasingly into branches and, with the use of specialised equipment and intervention methods, doctors are able to carry out increasingly skilled interventions.